Historically, faculty governance at Butler University ensued through an assembly model that existed from 1978 to 2008. In 2008, the Faculty Senate began as a new structure for faculty governance, based on an elected representative model.
According to the Constitution of the Faculty Senate: "The faculty is the professional body of the University primarily responsible for educational policies, faculty productivity, curriculum, and instructional practices. The Faculty Senate is the forum and deliberative body for the expression of the faculty's recommendations regarding these matters. Faculty Senate also has interests in the economic welfare of the institution and in protecting the rights and interests of the faculty" (Article II, Section 1).
As of the 2014-2015 academic year, the Faculty Senate is composed of elected representatives from the six colleges on campus, consisting of 14 senators from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (LAS), 6 senators from the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (COPHS), 5 senators from the Jordan College of the Arts (JCA), 5 senators from the College of Business (COB), 3 senators from the College of Education (COE), 3 senators from the College of Communications (CCOM) and 1 faculty librarian.