# Courses

## Physics Courses

**NW 262-PH. Concepts of Physical Science**

A one-semester study of selected topics in physics and the
mathematical analysis of physical problems. The student should be
already competent with algebra, and a few additional mathematical
tools will be introduced as needed. Four class periods and two
hours of laboratory per week. Fee (U) (5)

**PH 107/108. Elementary Physics**

A two-semester course based on algebra and elementary
trigonometry. This course is suitable preparation to meet the
entrance requirements of most dental, medical and pharmacy schools.
Three class periods and two hours of laboratory per week. PH 108
must be preceded by PH 107. Fee (U) (4,4)

**PH 152. Preparatory Analytical Physics**

A course in physical-problem analysis and solution using calculus
and other mathematical tools required for PH 201. Recommended for
science and mathematics majors who need/wish to study PH 201, but
whose mathematical and physical-problem solving experience is
limited.

Pre- or Co-requisite: MA 106. Fee (U) (4)

**PH 200. Physics for the Health Sciences**

A survey of topics in physics applied to the human body and to
medical diagnostic and treatment devices. Fee (U) (3)

**PH 201/202. Introduction to Analytical Physics I and
II**

An introduction to Newtonian mechanics, thermal physics, waves,
electromagnetism and optics using calculus. Familiarity with
algebra, trigonometry and calculus is assumed. Four lectures and
two hours of laboratory per week, plus one hour of recitation per
week. Prerequisite: MA 106 (may be concurrent) or permission of
instructor. Fee (U) (5, 5)

**PH 301. Modern Physics**

The special theory of relativity is developed along with the
introduction of basic ideas and equations of quantum physics.
Topics include Lorentz transformations, relativistic mechanics,
collisions and conservation of energy-momentum, electromagnetism
and relativity, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, Compton
effect, and the Schrödinger equation. Prerequisites: MA
107 and PH 202 or permission of the instructor. Fee (U)
(3)

**PH 303. Electromagnetic Waves and Optics**

A study of geometric and wave optics, interference, diffraction
and polarization of electromagnetic waves. Two lectures and two
hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: PH 202 and MA 208 or
permission of instructor. Fee (U) (3)

**PH 311. Experimental Modern Physics**

The student performs a number of experiments to explore and verify
experimental implications of relativity and quantum mechanics.
Experiments include determining Planck's constant, speed of light,
charge-to-mass ratio of electron, Franck-Hertz experiment, Bragg
scattering, Rutherford scattering, and radioactive decay processes.
Prerequisite: PH 301 or permission of instructor. Fee (U) (3)

**PH 315/316. Mathematical Methods for
Physics**

Mathematical methods for physics: differential equations;
coordinate systems and differential geometry; special functions;
linear operators, groups and representation theory; complex
analysis; Fourier series and integral transforms. Applications to
problems in electromagnetic theory, classical mechanics and quantum
mechanics will be presented. Four lectures per week. Prerequisite
MA 208 and PH 201/202. Fee (U) (4,4)

**PH 321. Intermediate Classical Mechanics**

A study of the classical dynamics of oscillators, gravitational
systems, calculus of variations and the lagrangian and hamiltonian
formalisms. Three lectures per week. Prerequisites: PH 202 and MA
208 or permission of instructor. Fee (U) (4)

**PH 325. Thermodynamics and Statistical
Physics**

A study of the theory and applications of the first and second
laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic potentials, kinetic theory,
classical and quantum statistical mechanics and ensemble theory to
thermodynamic systems. Four lecture hours per week. Prerequisites:
PH 202 and MA 107 or permission of instructor. Fee (U-G) (4)

**PH 331. Electromagnetic Theory I**

The theory of classical electric and magnetic fields is developed
covering such topics as electrostatics, magnetostatics, scalar and
vector potentials, fields in matter, electrodynamics and Maxwell's
equations, conservation laws and radiation.
Prerequisites: MA 208 and PH 301 or permission of the
instructor. Fee (U) (4)

**PH 351. Analog Electronics I**

Survey of electronic devices. Measurement of continuously varying
quantities in time and frequency domains. Rectifiers, amplifiers,
feedback, with emphasis on operational amplifiers and their uses.
Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: PH 201 or permission of instructor. Fee (U) (4)

**PH 352. Analog Electronics II**

Continuation of PH 351. Use of computer-aided design programs.
Complex frequency plane, resonance, scaling, and coupled circuits.
Laplace transform methods. Fourier Series and Fourier transforms.
Two-port network. Fee (U) (3)

**PH 411/412. Theoretical Physics**

A study of mathematical methods of physics, including
boundary-value problems, special functions, linear operators and
group theory, with applications to problems in electromagnetic
theory, classical and quantum mechanics. Three lectures per week.
Prerequisites: PH 331 and MA 334 or permission of instructor. Fee
(U-G) (3, 3)

**PH 421. Quantum Theory I**

The mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics are presented
with treatment of simple systems such as barriers, square wells,
harmonic oscillator, and central potentials with the development of
approximation methods and the theory of angular momentum for single
particles. Prerequisites: MA 208 and PH 301 or
permission of the instructor. Fee (U) (4)

**PH 422. Quantum Theory II**

Applications of quantum mechanics to multi-particle systems.
Time dependent perturbation theory, angular momentum coupling,
atomic spectra, quantum statistics, radiation and scattering
theory, and introduction to relativistic quantum theory.
Prerequisite: PH 421 or permission of the instructor.
Fee (U) (4)

**PH 427/428. General Relativity and
Gravity**

Tensor analysis in classical field theory, Einstein's field
equations, the Schwarzschild solution, linearized field equations,
experimental gravitation, cosmological models and gravitational
collapse. Prerequisites: PH 322 and PH 332 or permission of
instructor. Fee (U-G) (3, 3)

**PH 461. Computational Physics I**

An introduction to numerical methods frequently used in physics
for solving problems which cannot be solved analytically in a
closed mathematical form. Topics include numerical solution of
problems dealing with oscillatory motion, gravitation, electrical
fields, fluid dynamics, heat conduction, Schrödinger equation, and
elastic wave motion. Prerequisites are PH 321 and PH 331. Fee (U)
(3)

**PH 480. Special Topics**

By arrangement with appropriate staff. Fee (U-G) (3)

**PH 491, 492, 493.** Undergraduate Tutorial and
Research Fee (U) (3,6,9)

**PH 495. Senior Seminar**

This seminar, for junior and senior physics majors, features
student presentations on special research projects and selected
readings in current literature. Fee (U) (1)

**PH 499. Honors Thesis:** Fee (U) (3)

## Astronomy Courses

**AS 100. The Astronomical Universe**

A descriptive study of basic astronomy including the planets and
the apparent motions of celestial objects, the seasons,
constellations, comets and meteors, stars, galaxies and large-scale
structure of the universe, plus current events in space
exploration. There will be planetarium demonstrations and telescope
observations. Some hands-on lab experiences are provided. (U)
(3)

**NW 263-AS. Modern Astronomy with Laboratory (same as AS
102)**

A one-semester survey of astronomy including ancient Greek
astronomy, the motions of the night sky, the solar system, other
solar systems, the lives of stars including the Sun, and the origin
and fate of the universe. This will be a four lecture
hour/two hour lab course. (U) (5)

**AS 301. Modern Astronomical Techniques**

Introduction to techniques and equipment used in modern astronomy
with emphasis on detection and analysis of electromagnetic
radiation and the fundamental properties of telescopes and
detectors. Lectures and laboratory. Laboratories focus on
observational techniques and data reduction. Prerequisites: AS 102
and PH 202. (U) (3)

**AS 311. Stellar Astrophysics**

The first semester of an introductory course on stellar
astrophysics using nearly every branch of physics. Emphasis is on
the underlying physical principles; including the nature of stars,
stellar energy generation, stellar structure and evolution,
astrophysical neutrinos, binary stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars
and pulsars, and novae and supernovae. Prerequisites: AS 102 and PH
202. (U) (3)

**AS 312. Galaxies and Cosmology**

A continuation of AS 311. The course covers the application of
physical principles to the inter-stellar medium, the kinematics and
dynamics of stars and stellar systems, galactic structure,
formation and evolution of galaxies, relativity, Big Bang and
inflationary models of the origin of the universe, and the
large-scale structure and ultimate fate of the universe.
Prerequisite: AS 311. (U) (3)

**AS 461. Computational Astrophysics**

An introduction to numerical methods frequently used in
astrophysics for solving problems which cannot be solved
analytically in a closed mathematical form. Prerequisites are PH
321 and PH 331. (U) (3)

**AS 480. Special Topics**

By arrangement with appropriate staff. (U-G) (3)

**AS 491, 492, 493.** Undergraduate Tutorial and
Research:

(U) (3,6,9)

**AS 495. Senior Seminar**

This seminar, for junior and senior physics majors, features
student presentations on special research projects and selected
readings in current literature. (U) (1)

**AS 499. Honors Thesis** (U) (3)