Osage Orange, Hedge Apple  (Maclura pomifera)

Non-native, introduced

This plant, closely related botanically to marijuana (but possessing no hallucinogenic properties), was often planted by settlers in hedge rows.  Branches have thorns, but the most distinctive feature is the large ball-shaped fruit with its convoluted brain-like surface.  These fruits have natural insecticidal properties.  Individual plants of this species produce male only, female only, or male and female flowers.  This plant is native to Texas and Arkansas.  The wood is extremely hard and is used in archery equipment.

To learn more about Osage orange, visit its profile at the USDA Plants Database


Beginning of the fruit in May

The fruit in July

Fruits and leaves in July


The fruit in October

Fruits and leaves in October

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