Academics

Undergraduate and Graduate Programs

Accounting (COB) (Major) (Degrees: BS, MPAcc)
The accounting major focuses on developing analytical, communication, and information systems skills. The program prepares students for a career in either corporate or public accounting, with an emphasis on practical, hands-on experience. Accounting also provides a foundation for any type of business career.

Actuarial Science (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Actuarial science uses mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to estimate risk, primarily in the insurance and financial security industries. The Butler program helps to prepare students for the jointly administered CAS/SOA (Casualty Actuarial Society/Society of Actuaries) Examinations P, FM, MLC, MFE, and C.

Actuarial Science/Management (LAS) (Degrees: BS or BA and MBA)
Five-year combined BS or BA in actuarial science and MBA.

Advertising
See "Strategic Communications: Public Relations and Advertising" listing.

African Studies (LAS) (Minor only)
The minor in African studies is an interdisciplinary program that draws upon areas of the humanities, social sciences, and occasionally, the fine arts. Students are encouraged to individualize their programs with study-abroad experiences in Africa, if possible, or internships focusing on museums, performing arts organizations, communication and media agencies, or nongovernmental agencies.

All-Grade Education (K-12)
See "Education" listing.

Anthropology (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Anthropology explores the similarities and differences in human cultures, past and present, on a global scale. At Butler, the primary focus is cultural anthropology, which studies the ways that humans create meaning, forge alliances, assert differences, and both reinforce and create anew social and political hierarchies and vectors of inequality. The program prepares students for careers from nonprofit work to health care to education and business.

Anthropology and History
See "History and Anthropology" listing.

Anthropology and Psychology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Art and Design (JCA) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This unique, cutting-edge program focuses on the integration of art and design, combining studio practice and digital design within a broad liberal arts education. The principles of the program emphasize integration, ingenuity, sustainability, and community.

Arts Administration (JCA) (Major) (Degree: BS)
The arts administration program focuses on a combination of skills and education in a specific arts discipline (general arts, dance, music, or theatre) and a strong concentration of study in business, public relations, and advertising. The program also includes instruction in the specifics of arts management, including fundraising, audience development, organizational structure, and personnel management.

Astronomy (LAS) (Minor only)
This 24-credit-hour minor includes courses in astronomy, physics, and astrophysics. (Prerequisites are required in calculus and physics.) Butler's program in astronomy and astrophysics features superior facilities, including a fully automated 1-meter telescope on campus, a remote observing and computational astrophysics lab, and the "Big Dawg" supercomputer for computational research.

Astronomy and Astrophysics (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BS)
Besides providing foundational coursework in astronomy, physics, and mathematics, Butler's program features superior facilities, including a fully automated 1-meter telescope on campus, a remote observing and computational astrophysics lab, and the "Big Dawg" supercomputer for computational research. Careers for majors include education, engineering, physics, astronomy, aerospace, intelligence and defense industries, and computational physics.

Biology (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Butler's program provides students with broad training in biology -- the study of living things, both plant and animal -- and a solid foundation of core courses in the liberal arts. With a strong emphasis on student research, the department provides students with lab and field opportunities where they may explore at the molecular, cellular, organismal, and population levels of biological organization.

Biomedical Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Business (COB) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BS, MBA, MPAcc)
Butler's undergraduate business program offers degrees in accounting, economics, entrepreneurship and innovation, finance, international business, management information systems, marketing, and risk management and insurance. The graduate program offers both an MBA (concentrations in entrepreneurship and innovation, finance, international business, leadership, or marketing) and a Master of Professional Accounting (MPAcc), which prepares students for CPA certification.

Business Administration
See "Master of Business Administration" listing.

Business Law (COB) (Minor only)
The business law minor gives students the basic vocabulary and foundational thinking of the business disciplines through introductory accounting and economics, and provides an introduction to basic ethical and legal issues that surround business activities and transactions.

Chemistry (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Chemistry aims to understand the composition, properties, and changes of substances. The Butler chemistry program offers courses in all the areas of chemistry -- inorganic, physical, organic, analytical, and biochemistry -- plus interdisciplinary courses involving biology, environmental and forensic science, and psychology.

Chinese (LAS) (Minor only)
This minor emphasizes the study of the Chinese language and cultures. A disciplined approach to languages, literatures, and cultures provides access to a broader global community, deepens one's engagement with other linguistic and cultural traditions, and teaches students to be sensitive and critical readers of cultural texts.

Classical Studies (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Butler's program in classical studies (the culture, history, and literature of ancient Greece and Rome) provides an intimate and vibrant learning community, engagement through study-abroad opportunities, and practical experience through research projects. Students often combine classical studies with courses in English, history, philosophy, religion, political science, and modern languages.

Communication Sciences & Disorders (CCOM) (Major) (Degree: BA)
In this program that studies speech and hearing science, speech and language development, and communicative disorders, students have opportunities for experiential learning through the Butler Speech-Language Clinic, the Butler Aphasia Community, research with faculty mentors, and internships. The program provides a background for graduate studies in speech-language pathology, audiology, or speech science.

Communications
See the College of Communication for general information, as well as individual listings for these CCOM majors and minors: "Communication Sciences & Disorders," "Critical Communication and Media Studies," "Digital Media Production," "Interactive Media," "Journalism," "Organizational Communication and Leadership," "Recording Industry Studies," "Sports Media," and "Strategic Communication: Public Relations and Advertising."

Composition (English)
See "English" listing.

Composition (Music)
See "Music" listing.

Computer Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Computer Science (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
The computer science program addresses the study of computer-based systems, beginning with a foundation in mathematical problem solving and programming. Highlights of the Butler program include a supercomputer ("Big Dawg"), a service-learning program, research activities, and excellent connections with local industry including many opportunities for internships.

Conducting (Instrumental and Choral)
See "Music" listing.

Creative Writing
See "English" listing.

Criminology (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Criminology focuses on the social causes and consequences of crime. The Butler program emphasizes the fundamentals of social-science research, concepts and issues, theories and methods, and research practice. Career opportunities include work in social services, business, and community organizations. Students also pursue law school or graduate degrees in criminology, criminal justice, forensics, or other social sciences.

Criminology and Psychology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Criminology and Sociology
See "Sociology and Criminology" listing.

Critical Communication and Media Studies (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This program provides students with the tools and skills necessary to engage in the analysis of communication. The major prepares students for professions that require "big picture" thinking and detail-oriented language -- from social media managers, speechwriters, film critics, and lobbyists to campaign directors, communications specialists, policy analysts, and community organizers. Graduates also receive a strong foundation for graduate or law school.

Dance (JCA) (Major) (Degrees: BA, BS, BFA)
Butler's nationally recognized dance program focuses on classical ballet and offers professional-level training with a liberal arts education. Performance components include Butler Ballet (full-length classical story ballets and diverse programs with original contemporary works), and Butler Chamber Dance. Butler is one of very few schools accredited to offer the BFA in Dance-Performance. Degrees are also available in dance pedagogy and dance arts administration.

Digital Media Production (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This program explores the production of content for television, film, websites, and interactive media. Through studies in digital video production and editing, graphic design, animation, interactive media, and web design, students develop a broad skill set and an understanding of both traditional and new media.

Early Childhood Education
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Economics (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BSE)
Economics is the study of how societies allocate their limited resources among competing uses. The College of Business economics program provides a foundation for the study of specialized business disciplines, such as accounting and marketing, and aids in choosing good government policies. (See also the economics major from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.)

Economics (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Economics is the study of how societies allocate their limited resources among competing uses. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences economics program provides students with problem-solving and data-gathering skills to make informed decisions in a variety of settings, e.g., government, law, finance, business, and journalism. (See also the economics major from the College of Business.)

Education (COE) (Major) (Degrees: BS, MS)
Butler offers undergraduate programs in elementary, middle/secondary, and all-grade education, and graduate degrees in education administration, effective teaching and leadership, and school counseling. Elementary education graduates meet state course requirements for K-6 licensure; concentrations include early childhood, English as a new language, information literacy, reading teacher, and special education. The middle/secondary program combines teacher preparation with content areas in English; French, German, or Spanish; mathematics; the sciences; or social studies. All-grade licensure is available in music education and physical education and health.

Education Administration (COE) (Degree: MS)
The Experiential Program for Preparing School Principals is an innovative and experience-based master's program that prepares its graduates for the many challenges facing school administrators. Students complete a two-year, 36-credit-hour program that leads to an MS in education.

Effective Teaching and Leadership (COE) (Degree: MS)
In this 36-credit-hour MS program, the core curriculum is complemented by an individual plan of study and culminates in a thesis project. Participants are prepared to continue within the professional setting, provide leadership within a school, or continue with studies at the doctoral level.

Electrical Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Electronic Journalism
See "Journalism" listing.

Electronic Media
See "Digital Media Production" listing.

Elementary Education (COE) (Major) (Degree: BS)
The elementary education program prepares students for teaching and instructional leadership. By completing the program, early and middle childhood education majors meet state course requirements for licensure in early childhood (beginning with kindergarten) and middle childhood settings. The program iIncludes concentrations in early childhood, English as a new language, information literacy, reading teacher, and special education.

Energy Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Engineering Dual Degree Program (LAS) (Major) (Degrees: BA or BS)
The dual-degree program is a partnership between Butler University and Purdue University. Students earn a BA or BS degree from Butler with a major in biology, chemistry, computer science, economics, mathematics, science/technology/society, or physics, and a degree in engineering from the Purdue School of Engineering and Technology (Indianapolis campus) in biomedical, computer, electrical, energy, mechanical, or motorsports engineering.

English (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA, MA, MFA)
Butler's English program emphasizes the study of the fundamental importance of language and literature in the development of identity, community, and culture. The undergraduate degree offers four tracks: creative writing; literature; theory, culture, and criticism; or public and professional writing. Butler also offers an MA in English and an MFA in creative writing.

English as a New Language
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Entrepreneurship and Innovation (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BS)
The program provides students with an understanding of the dynamic process of creating something unique and adding value by applying an innovative mindset and an action-oriented perspective, while taking calculated risks. Students are equipped to apply this way of thinking and set of behaviors in new and existing organizations, whether for-profit or not-for-profit.

Ethics (LAS) (Minor only)
The philosophy-based ethics minor will be beneficial to students as a complement to their major in many different areas, to their post-bachelor education (law, medicine, political science, etc.), to their careers (e.g., government and business), and, more broadly, to finding their way in life.

Exploratory Studies (LAS) (COB) (COE) (CCOM) (Provisional major)
This provisional major is for students who wish to investigate their options before choosing a specialty, guiding students through the decision-making process as they explore classes, majors, and potential careers. The program is available either as a general major or for students who specifically choose to investigate areas of the natural sciences, business, education, or communication.

Finance (COB) (Major) (Degree: BS)
At Butler, the curriculum in finance (the art and science of managing money) includes three of the discipline's major areas: corporate finance, investments, and financial institutions. Graduates typically seek careers in banking, insurance, investments, corporate finance, or personal financial advising, and some go on to professional schools of law or management.

Foreign Languages
See listings for "Chinese," "French," "German," "Spanish," or "Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures."

French (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This major emphasizes the study of the French language and cultures. A disciplined approach to languages, literatures, and cultures provides access to a broader global community, deepens one's engagement with other linguistic and cultural traditions, and teaches students to be sensitive and critical readers of cultural texts.

Gender, Women and Sexuality Studies (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
The Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies program offers students an opportunity to question and challenge the power structures that perpetuate privilege and inequality. The major is relevant to professions or graduate studies in public administration, health and human services, the arts, law, medicine, social work, journalism, and social justice.

Generalist
See "Exploratory Studies" listing.

Geography (LAS) (Minor only)
Cultural geography brings together history, culture, and spatial patterning. Geography courses at Butler start by studying Indianapolis, then move outward to Indiana, the U.S., and the world. The 18-credit-hour geography minor (six hours of lower-level and 12 hours of upper-level courses) would be particularly valuable for students preparing to teach social studies in secondary school.

German (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This major emphasizes the study of the German language and cultures. A disciplined approach to languages, literatures, and cultures provides access to a broader global community, deepens one's engagement with other linguistic and cultural traditions, and teaches students to be sensitive and critical readers of cultural texts.

Greek
See "Classical Studies" listing.

Health Education
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Health Care Management (COB) (Minor only)
This minor provides a foundation in the health care delivery system, health care economics, and insurance principles. Students can gain additional expertise in the health care aspects of a particular business discipline or take courses in other colleges that emphasize societal issues, public health, or other specific applications.

Health Sciences (COPHS) (Major) (Degree: BSHS)
The BS in Health Sciences program serves as a prerequisite to the Master of Physician Assistant Studies program. Students who complete the degree and other requirements will be granted direct admission into the Physician Assistant program. In encouraging discernment in the health professions, the program fulfills most prerequisites for other health professions if a student is unable to gain direct admission or chooses not to advance into the PA program.

History (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA, MA)
Butler's history program explores the development of American, European, and non-Western societies. The major is relatively unstructured, as students are encouraged to explore different disciplines in order to promote their understanding of human values. The program is also distinctive because of its close relationship with the discipline of anthropology, which is housed in a combined department.

History and Anthropology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

History and Political Science (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Human Movement and Health Science Education
See "Education" listing.

Individualized Major (LAS) (Major) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Meeting the needs of students whose primary academic interests cut across traditional academic disciplines, this program allows students who have shown interest in cross-disciplinary work to design their own majors. Students may also combine the individualized major with a traditional major or minor.

Information Literacy
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Instrumental Performance
See "Music" listing.

Interactive Media (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This program provides students with the knowledge and skills to develop and design interactive and responsive websites and mobile applications. Students learn front- and back-end development, complete a variety of usable projects, and master scripting and programming languages. Graduates are prepared for employment in a variety of job markets relating to e-commerce and web design.

International Business (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BS)
The program prepares students to function in the increasingly global marketplace by understanding other cultures and responding to the issues that affect the domestic and world economy. Foreign-language study accompanies concentration in an area such as finance, accounting, marketing, marketing information systems, or economics. Career options include marketing research, sales, exporting/importing, global investments, and general management.

International Studies (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
International studies concentrates on the diversity, complexity, and interdependence of the world community. The multidisciplinary program offers students the cultural competency for success in an increasingly complex and global job market, and prepares them for careers in government, international organizations, journalism, international consulting, international business, education, community development, and human rights.

Jazz Studies
See "Music" listing.

Journalism (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
The journalism program includes online, print, and broadcast journalism and offers experiential learning in a variety of award-winning student media outlets. Field experience uses Indianapolis as a reporting laboratory, and includes extensive on-the-ground reporting in the nation's 12th largest city and 26th largest media market.

K-12
See "Education" listing.

Latin
See "Classical Studies" listing.

Literary Theory, Culture, and Criticism
See "English" listing.

Literature
See "English" listing.

Lyric Theatre
See "Music" listing.

Management Information Systems (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BS)
Management information systems is the study of how technology can be used to solve business problems and create new business opportunities. The MIS discipline answers the question: How can we help people work smarter using technology? It focuses on how people, business processes, and technology interact to meet an organization's goals.

Marketing (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BS)
Marketing is the business of promoting sales of a product or service through means such as promotion, pricing, packaging, channels of distribution, and public relations. Program components include marketing management, research, advertising and promotions, and sales. Students are prepared for a wide variety of careers within advertising, accounts management, marketing research, retailing, and brand management.

Master of Business Administration (COB) (Degree: MBA)
The Butler MBA utilizes the resources of a nationally ranked business school that is locally connected and has the top international accreditation. The program is designed for working professionals who complete the program at their own pace. In addition to a general MBA, concentrations are available in entrepreneurship and innovation, finance, international business, leadership, and marketing.

Mathematics (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
The field of mathematics is the study of quantities and relations through the use of numbers and symbols. Butler's program features small classes and supportive student/faculty relationships. Graduates are prepared to work in industry and the corporate world or attend graduate school in multiple fields, including linguistics, engineering, law, the military, fundraising, and meteorology.

Mechanical Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Media, Rhetoric, and Culture
See "Critical Communication and Media Studies" listing.

Middle and Secondary Education (COE) (Major) (Degree: BS)
Butler's middle and secondary education program enables students to combine in-depth preparation in an academic content area with the teacher education skills necessary for success in the classroom. Extensive clinical experiences are provided prior to student teaching in a variety of school settings. Content areas include English; foreign languages (French, German, Spanish); mathematics; science (life sciences/biology, chemistry, physics); and social studies.

Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
A disciplined approach to languages, literatures, and cultures provides access to a broader global community, deepens one's engagement with other linguistic and cultural traditions, and teaches students to be sensitive and critical readers of cultural texts. The Butler modern-language program offers majors and minors in French, German, and Spanish, as well as a minor in Chinese.

Motorsports Engineering
See "Engineering Dual Degree Program" listing.

Multimedia Studies
See listings for "Digital Media Production," "Interactive Media," and "Recording Industry Studies."

Music (JCA) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA, BM, MM)
Butler's School of Music provides undergraduate and graduate degrees in composition, conducting, instrumental performance, jazz studies, music education, music history, piano pedagogy, and voice performance. A flexible curriculum allows students to easily pursue a double major, study abroad, collaborate with internationally acclaimed artists, participate in Butler ensembles, complete a major research project, or teach in the Butler Community Arts School. (Also see "Arts Administration" listing.)

Music Education (JCA) (COE) (Major) (Degrees: BM, MM)
The BM in music education is offered in standard four-year plans (leading to K-12 certification in choral/general music or instrumental/general music) or five-year plans (all-area degree leading to K-12 certification in choral, instrumental, and general music). Additionally, a five-year combined BM in performance and music education is available (degrees in performance and music education, and K-12 certification in choral/general music or instrumental/general music). The MM in Music Education is offered with both thesis and non-thesis options.

Music History
See "Music" listing.

Neuroscience (LAS) (Minor only)
Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system and its impact on behavior, cognition, and emotion. Butler's interdisciplinary neuroscience minor introduces students to the brain, how it functions, and the consequences of its dysfunction due to abnormal development, disease, or injury. The minor integrates the study of biology, philosophy, and psychology.

News Editorial
See "Journalism" listing.

Organizational Communication and Leadership (CCOM) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This major studies the process and effects of oral communication, emphasizing the functions and nature of communication within organizations. The program assists students with the acquisition of the skills of leadership -- critical thinking, effective speaking, decision making, and problem solving. Students individually design courses of study that will best equip them for a career or graduate work.

Peace and Conflict Studies (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Seeking to promote an understanding of the nature and dynamics of violent conflict and the conditions and practice of peace, this program provides structured study within specific content areas and prepares students for graduate study and careers in policy analysis, government, nongovernmental organizations, journalism, teaching, law, and business.

Pedagogy, Dance
See "Dance" listing.

Pedagogy, Piano
See "Music" listing.

Performance, Dance
See "Dance" listing.

Performance, Music
See "Music" listing.

Pharmaceutical Science (COPHS) (Degree: MS)
This 30-credit-hour program leads to the Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Five areas of emphasis are offered: pharmaceutics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacy administration, and clinical sciences.

Pharmacy (COPHS) (Degree: PharmD)
The Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program prepares students to become pharmacy practitioners who possess the knowledge and skills required to function as authorities on the use of medicines, and who can apply pharmaceutical and biomedical science to the practical problems of drug therapy. Practitioners are capable of contributing to the interdisciplinary delivery of primary health care and can function as drug therapy information resource specialists.

Philosophy (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Concerned with questions about the nature of the world and human existence, philosophy features rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. Students learn to critically assess information and arguments, communicate clearly, and think carefully about ethical decisions. Collectively, these skills help students in future graduate and professional education, and they are prized by employers.

Philosophy and Psychology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Philosophy and Religion (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Physical Education and Health
See "Education" listing.

Physician Assistant (COPHS) (Degree: MPAS)
This professional program leads to the Master of Physician Assistant Studies degree. PAs are health care professionals licensed to practice medicine interdependently with physicians. Within that relationship, PAs exercise autonomy in medical decision making and provide a range of diagnostic and therapeutic services. Their clinical role includes primary and specialty care, and their practice may include educational, research, and administrative activities.

Physics (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Physics seeks to understand the rules of nature that govern the universe. Butler's program provides students with a solid academic foundation while at the same time allowing them to work closely with faculty on original research projects and student theses. The hands-on experience serves students well whether they're preparing to be an applied physicist or engineer in industry, a high school physics teacher, a physician, a patent lawyer, or a medical physicist.

Piano Pedagogy
See "Music" listing.

Political Science (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Encompassing the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems and behavior, political science emphasizes studying ourselves, other peoples, and different ways of being and knowing; developing tolerance and empathy; and learning to use evidence and think critically. Graduates pursue positions in government, teaching, business, civil and international service, the nonprofit sector, journalism/communication, and graduate school.

Political Science and History
See "History and Political Science" listing.

Political Science and Psychology
See "Psychology and Political Science" listing.

Pre-Dentistry
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Law
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Medicine
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Optometry
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Pharmacy (COPHS)
Two-year pre-professional phase with automatic entry into the four-year professional PharmD program.

Pre-Physical Therapy
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Physician Assistant (COPHS)
Two-year pre-professional phase in order to apply for the three-year dual bachelors/masters degree program.

Pre-Professional Programs (LAS)
Butler's Office of Pre-Graduate and Pre-Professional Advising assists, equips, and empowers students to pursue professional education in law, seminary, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the health sciences (including medicine, optometry, pharmacy, physical therapy, physician assistant, and speech and language pathology). Services include advising, internship placement assistance, and standardized test preparation.

Pre-Seminary
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Speech and Language Pathology
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Pre-Veterinary Medicine
See "Pre-Professional Programs" listing.

Psychology (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Psychology is the science that studies human and animal behavior. The Butler program emphasizes both classroom instruction and hands-on participation in research projects. The knowledge and skills acquired through both of these activities are intended to prepare students for graduate study in psychology or related fields and to help them pursue careers in business, government, education, medical, or public-service settings.

Psychology and Anthropology
See "Anthropology and Psychology" listing.

Psychology and Criminology
See "Criminology and Psychology" listing.

Psychology and Philosophy
See "Philosophy and Psychology" listing.

Psychology and Political Science (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Psychology and Sociology
See "Sociology and Psychology" listing.

Public and Professional Writing
See "English" listing.

Public Relations
See "Strategic Communications: Public Relations and Advertising" listing.

Reading Teacher
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Recording Industry Studies (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Students interested in music and audio transform their talents into marketable skills within this program, which provides creative preparation, specialized skills, access to world-class studios, and professional-level experience. In addition to learning production techniques for multiple media (film, television, online), students are introduced to all facets of the industry including media law, publishing, and promotion.

Religion (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
The academic discipline of religion focuses on various religious traditions and literature and examinations of the nature of religion. The Butler religion major is a liberal arts degree that emphasizes basic skills of critical thinking, reading, and writing -- skills that will serve graduates pursuing careers in business, government, or the nonprofit sector, or students attending professional schools.

Religion and Philosophy
See "Philosophy and Religion" listing.

Risk Management and Insurance (COB) (Major or minor) (Degree: BS)
This program studies the effect of risks on individuals and organizations and how to properly evaluate and devise a plan for addressing risks with insurance and the various tools available to the modern risk manager. Graduates are prepared for careers in the insurance and financial services industry, as well as in risk management and employee benefits departments in large corporations, public entities, and nonprofit organizations.

School Counseling (COE) (Degree: MS)
Leading to a Master of Science in School Counseling, this 48-credit-hour program is designed to be completed in three years but also offers a fast-track option. The program, which is experiential and emphasizes a theory-to-practice-learning environment, is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs.

Science, Technology and Society (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degrees: BA or BS)
This interdisciplinary program studies the ways in which science and technology influence and are influenced by the society of which they are a part. Students gain perspectives and methods of research and problem solving that they can apply in their careers after graduation, including science communication; science, research, and regulatory policy; public health; and graduate studies in medicine, science, and technology.

Sciences Education
See "Middle/Secondary Education" listing.

Secondary Education
See "Middle/Secondary Education" listing.

Social Studies Education
See "Middle/Secondary Education" listing.

Social Work and Social Policy
See "Sociology" listing.

Sociology (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
Sociology is the study of social life, social life change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. In addition to providing the sociology major, the Butler program also houses majors in criminology (study of crime and criminals); criminology and psychology (combined degree); sociology and criminology (combined degree); and a social work concentration that is oriented within both practice and theory.

Sociology and Criminology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Sociology and Psychology (LAS) (Major) (Degree: BA)
This combined degree offers elements of both disciplines.

Software Engineering (LAS) (Major) (Degrees: BA or BS)
Software engineering is the study of methods and practices for building and maintaining software systems, including requirements engineering, design, development, testing and quality assurance, and maintenance and re-engineering. Students begin by building a foundation in mathematical problem solving and programming, and also receive a solid background in computer science.

Spanish (LAS) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This major emphasizes the study of the Spanish language and cultures. A disciplined approach to languages, literatures, and cultures provides access to a broader global community, deepens one's engagement with other linguistic and cultural traditions, and teaches students to be sensitive and critical readers of cultural texts.

Special Education
See "Elementary Education" listing.

Speech and Language Pathology
See "Communication Sciences and Disorders" listing.

Sports Media (CCOM) (Major) (Degree: BA)
A multidisciplinary program, sports media is for students interested in careers in the sports information, production, and media fields. The program covers the fundamentals of multimedia journalism and digital media production; hands-on education in sports journalism, media/information, sportscasting, and sports media production; and related cultural, legal, and economic issues.

Strategic Communication: PR and Advertising (CCOM) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
This program offers a fresh approach to the traditionally separate areas of public relations and advertising. Students complete the program with the essential balance of theoretical and practical knowledge and skills to create and deliver messages targeted to a wide array of audiences: media, employees, customers, legislators, investors, and the community.

Theatre (JCA) (Major or minor) (Degree: BA)
The Butler theatre program offers rigorous training and education within a broad liberal arts curriculum. The faculty of international professionals and guest artists foster learning through original productions, workshops, innovative coursework, and close mentoring. Theatre students often study abroad, become involved in the local artistic community, and devise original performance work.

Undecided
See "Exploratory Studies" listing.

Video/Audio Production
See listings for "Digital Media Production," "Interactive Media," and "Recording Industry Studies."

Visual Arts
See "Art and Design" listing.

Voice Performance
See "Music" listing.

Writing
See "English" listing.